Who pays for the condemnation proceeding?

After determining damages (the appropriate compensation for the property), the special commissioners must then determine the costs of the condemnation proceeding.

Section 21.047(a) of the Texas Property Code states:

Special commissioners may adjudge the costs of an eminent domain proceeding against any party. If the commissioners award greater damages than the condemnor offered...the condemnor shall pay all costs. If the commissioners’ award...is less than or equal to the amount the condemnor offered before proceedings began, the property owner shall pay the costs.

Section 21.047(d) of the Property Code states:

If a court hearing a suit under this chapter determines that a condemnor did not make a bona fide offer to acquire the property from the property owner voluntarily as required by Section 21.0113, the court shall abate the suit, order the condemnor entity to make a bona fide offer, and order the condemnor to pay (1) all costs as provided by Subsection (a); and (2) any reasonable attorney’s fees and other professional fees incurred by the property owner that are directly related to the violation.