Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a serious injury that damages the brain, often due to a blow to the head that causes the brain to collide with the inside of the skull. These types of injuries frequently occur in car crashes and other motor vehicle accidents. In fact, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) reports that motor vehicle accidents and traffic-related incidents are the second leading cause of traumatic brain injury.
While all brain injuries are serious, medical professionals classify them as mild, moderate, or severe. The description of each classification is listed below:
- Mild TBI causes symptoms such as loss consciousness, confusion, or disorientation that last for fewer than 30 minutes. Initially, injured people may not realize they have suffered a mild TBI. Often, MRI and CAT scans are normal, but the injured person may have a headache, difficulty thinking, memory problems, attention deficits, mood swings and frustration. Although classified as mild on a relative scale, a mild TBI is a serious injury and symptoms can last for a year or more.
- Moderate TBI causes an injured person to lose consciousness for more than a few minutes and confusion may last a few days or many weeks. People suffering from a moderate TBI may have a combination of physical, cognitive, or behavioral impairments that last for many months. Sometimes, these impairments are permanent.
- Severe TBI causes an injured person to remain unconscious or in a coma for days, weeks, or months. Those who remain unconscious longer, often have more severe brain injuries and resulting impairments.
Our brain defines who we are and controls everything we do. When person is involved in a serious accident and suffers a TBI, everything changes in the blink of an eye. The injured person may have a complete change in personality, behavior, cognitive skills, and motor control that negatively affects daily activities, work, and relationships. If you or a loved one has suffered a head injury or some other type of serious injury, call Texas truck accident lawyer David Todd at 512-472-7799 for a free case review. Alternatively, you can download a free copy of his book The Shocking Truth About Texas Truck Accidents for additional information.